Exact Match
Bidariware
Title Bidariware
Title2 Bidariware
Museum Name Allahabad Museum, Allahabad
Gallery Name Decorative Art Gallery
Object Type Decorative Art
Main Material Zinc
Component Material II Copper
Manufacturing Technique Casting
Main Artist Not Known
Artist's Nationality Indian
Artist's Life Date / Bio Data Not Known
Author NA
Country India
Provenance NA
Origin Place India
Find Place Not Known
Scribe NA
Style Metal Handicraft
School Not Known
Patron/Dynasty NA
Inscription No
Tribe NA
Costume NA
Culture NA
Dimensions 22.9 x 9.2 cms
Detailed Description Bidriware is a metal handicraft that originated in Bidar, Karnataka, in the 14th century C.E., during the rule of the Bahamani Sultans. Due to its striking inlay artwork, Bidriware is an important export handicraft of India and is prized as a symbol of wealth. Bidriware is manufactured from an alloy of copper and zinc (in the ratio 1:16) by casting. The zinc content gives the alloy a deep black color. First, a mould is formed from soil made malleable by the addition of castor oil and resin. The molten metal is then poured into it to obtain a cast piece which is later smoothened by filing. The casting is now coated with a strong solution of copper sulphate to obtain a temporary black coating over which designs are etched freehand with the help of a metal stylus.This is then secured in a vise and the craftsman uses small chisels to engrave the design over the freehand etching. Fine wire or flattened strips of pure silver are then carefully hammered into these grooves.The article then is filed, buffed and smoothed to get rid of the temporary black coating. This results in rendering the silver inlay hardly distinguishable from the gleaming metallic surface which is now all silvery white. The bidriware is now ready for the final blackening process. Here, a special variety of soil which is available only in the unlit portions of the Bidar fort is used. It is mixed with ammonium chloride and water to produce a paste which is then rubbed onto a heated bidri surface. The paste selectively darkens the body while it has no effect on the silver inlay. The paste is then rinsed off to reveal a shiny silver design resplendent against the black surface. As a finishing touch, oil is applied to the finished product to deepen the matt coating. The finished product appears black with brilliant silver inlay.
Brief Description This Bidariware is having the figure of a Lion, Elephant, Birds and Flower Plants.