Exact Match
Title Celt
Accession Number 82/3
Museum Name Indian Museum, Kolkata
Gallery Name N.A.
Object Type Tools
Main Material Copper
Country India
Provenance Perua, Medinipur, West Bengal
Origin Place Perua, Medinipur, West Bengal
Dimensions 19 cm. x 16.5 cm.
Brief Description This weapon is also traced as a Copper Hoard implement. Copper Hoards are described as find-complexes spread over the northern part of India. These occur mostly in hoards large and small and are believed to date to the 2nd millennium BC, although very few derive from controlled and dateable excavation contexts. A fragment of an anthropomorph came to light in controlled excavations at Lothal, Dist. Ahmedabad and a second one at Saipai Lichchwai, Tehsil Etawah, Dist. Etawah, U.P. The doab hoards are associated with the so-called Ochre Coloured Pottery (OCP). As early as the 19th century, stray hoard objects became known and established themselves as an important find group in the two-river land of northern India. The dating is unclear. Four regional find-groups are identifiable: South Haryana/North Rajasthan, the Ganges /Jamuna plain, Chhota Nagpur and Madhya Pradesh, with their characteristic find-types. Characteristic hoard finds from South Haryana/North Rajasthan include flat axes, harpoons, double axes, swords with so-called antenna grips and others. Related types occur in the Ganges-Jumna Doab. Those from Chota Nagpur differ entirely from these. They include finely worked pieces, but mostly look at first like axe-heads but are probably ingots, since most show no clear signs of antique use-wear and often are over-sized, they appear to be dedicatory and not use-implements. If those of the Chhota Nagpur group are simply ingots, the reason for the axe-like form requires explanation. The copper ore derives from different ore ranges in Rajasthan (Khetri), Bihar/West Bengal/Orissa (especially Singhbhum) as well as Madhya Pradesh (Malanjkhand). Hoard objects contain from 71-99% copper. A few contain up to 32.9% iron. Artefacts from Haryana show the greatest chemical variation. The celt, representing Chhota Nagpur variety, was purchased by the Museum in 1982.