Exact Match
Three pillars with a lintel above showing yakshis on one side and different stories on the other
Title Three pillars with a lintel above showing yakshis on one side and different stories on the other
Museum Name Indian Museum, Kolkata
Gallery Name Archaeology
Object Type Sculpture
Main Material Sand Stone
Country India
Provenance Bhuteswar,Mathura,U.P
Origin Place Bhuteswar,Mathura,U.P
Period / Year of Work Kushana C 2nd century CE
Brief Description a) The rail pillar from Bhuteswar, Mathura shows on one face a yakshi standing on the back of a dwarf, holding a wicker cage in her right hand. A bird is seen on her left arm plucking the flowers which adorn her hair. Above the pillar a woman is seen with her maid. On the back of the pillar the attempt to destroy Lord Buddha by a mad elephant named Nalagiri, a legend, popularly known as the Miracle of Rajagriha, is depicted in three different compartments. The upper part shows the tempter requesting the enlightened one to go forth, the middle panel shows the subjugation of Nalagiri to Lord Buddha, and the lower half depicts the killing of the tempter by the elephant. b) One face of the pillar shows a Yakshi standing on a dwarf. The scene at the top shows a man and a woman in the balcony.On the backside of the pillar different scenes are depicted in three different panels. Here, three distinct sunken panels can be seen. The panel at the bottom consists of three compartments. Lowermost panel represents hands and heads of two gigantic ogres licking the blood from the hearts of two human beings with their long tongue. The middle part of this panel exhibits two mothers playing with the child seated on their knees. Third compartment represents the arched doors on a Buddhist railing. The central panel shows an aerial horse with two children on the back and two are hanging from under the horse, one holding the forelegs and the other holding the hind legs of the horse. Above there is a balcony with an arched door. The upper panel shows four children in a building and beside this a man is seen trying to climb up a tree. c) The pillar, on one face shows a Yakshi on the back of a dwarf. She is holding a bunch of fruit in her left hand. Above, a scene on the pillar shows a man and a woman. In the reverse, the story of Sibi Jataka is represented in three panels. The Bodhisattva is supposed to have passed through all forms of existence, animal and human, before he was born as Prince Siddhartha. The story depicts that King Sibi, out of compassion gave shelter to a pigeon who was chased by a hunter. In actuality the pigeon was the fire-god Agni in disguise and the hunter was the king of the heaven Indra. Both of them wanted to test the compassionate nature of the king. The king agreed to offer his own flesh in exchange of the life of the bird. But his flesh was not sufficient for the purpose and he himself sat on the pan of the balance. Then Indra and Agni appeared in real forms and showered praised on the king.The lower part of the compartment shows a seated royal figure in the middle compartment a king is seen seated on a throne and a man is depicted standing behind carrying a scale for weighing, above there is a Buddhist railing with three arched windows of which the middle one carries a female bust. The third panel depicts a king seated in the same manner but in the opposite direction and a bird is seen sitting on the abacus of a pillar to the left of the standing figure.