Title Crucifixion
Accession Number ngma-00157
Museum Name National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
Gallery Name NGMA-New Delhi
Object Type Painting
Main Material Tempera on canvas
Main Artist Jamini Roy (1887-1972)
Artist's Nationality Indian
Artist's Life Date / Bio Data Jamini Roy was one of the earliest and most significant modernists of twentieth century Indian art. From 1920 onwards his search for the essence of form led him to experiment with dramatically different visual style. His career spanning over nearly six decades had many significant turning points and his works collectively speak of the nature of his modernism and the prominent role he played in breaking away from the art practices of his time. Trained in the British academic style of painting in the early decades of the twentieth century, Jamini Roy became well-known as a skilful portraitist. He received regular commissions after he graduated from the Government Art School in what is now Kolkata, in 1916. The first three decades of the twentieth century saw a sea-change in cultural expressions in Bengal. The growing surge of the nationalist movement was prompting all kinds of experiments in literature and the visual arts. The Bengal School, founded by Abanindranath Tagore and Kala Bhavana in Santiniketan under Nandalal Bose rejected European naturalism and the use of oil as a medium and were exploring new ways of representation. Jamini Roy, too, consciously rejected the style he had mastered during his academic training and from the early 1920s searched for forms that stirred the innermost recesses of his being. He sought inspiration from sources as diverse as East Asian calligraphy, terracotta temple friezes, objects from folk arts and crafts traditions and the like.
Country India
Inscription Signed 'Jamini Roy' in Bengali in the bottom-right corner of the painting with brush in orange colour.
Dimensions 88.5 X 68.5 cms
Brief Description The series of images depicting the life of Jesus Christ is perhaps one of the boldest experiments in figuration and narrativisation by Jamini Roy. The language of the Christ paintings is remarkable as Roy invests the grave, contemplative faces in their somewhat hieratic poses with iconicity. In this particular painting, the artist has depicted the crucifixion of Christ with a bright colour palette that offsets the solemn theme of the painting. Roy infuses the imagery with a strong sense of geometricity, that reduces forms to their bare essentials in the composition. There is also the suggestion of a sacred presence in the mass of worshipping figures in the background.
Detailed Description In the 1940s, Roy painted one of his most powerful series of images revolving around the life of Jesus Christ. Although, he may have painted occasional images of Christ in the previous decade, he developed the visual idea more fully in the 1940s. What was most thought-provoking about these paintings was Roy's skill in adapting stories from an alien culture and yet giving them a familiar appearance, as if they were people from our own villages.