||National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
||Wash and tempera on paper
||Gaganendranath Tagore (1867-1938)
|Artist's Life Date / Bio Data
||Born to the family of Tagore's of Jorasanko, Kolkata, Gaganendranath was the elder brother of Abanindranath Tagore. With little formal training in art Gaganendranath began painting at an advanced age. He was inspired by the calligraphic brushwork and the wash technique of the visiting Japanese artists, Yokoyama Taikan and Hishida Shunsho. In the early 20's of the Twentieth century, Gaganendranath responded positively to the European modernist idiom. He began painting seriously when he started illustrating his uncle Rabindranath Tagore's autobiography in 1911. Gaganendranath like his younger brother Abanindranath and uncle Rabindranath had a wide range of interests that covered theatre, fantasy and the like. He also practiced photography and this can be seen in the use of light and shadows in his paintings. From 1917 onwards he did a series of satirical caricatures of changes taking place in the society of his times. Many of his paintings were referred to as 'cubist' because of the division of the figures and ground into geometrical planes. Gaganendranath painted portraits, landscapes, caricatures, abstract and 'cubist' paintings.
||The painting is signed 'G.T' in English in red ink and the
signature shows a square seal containing red footprints near
the left margin. This seal was used by Gaganendranath often
along with his signature. It was made of brass and was a
ritual object belonging to his mother, Soudamini symbolizing
Sri Krishna's footprints.
||18.4 X 20.9 cms
||The painting shows a group of five figures in a hilly
Himalayan landscape. Art historian, Ratan Parimoo dates the
Himalayan landscapes as being done between 1915 and 21. Both
Gaganendranath and his younger brother, Abanindranath were
known to have travelled to Darjeeling more than once during
this period. Done in pale washes, the Himalayan landscapes
form a considerable segment of Gaganendranath's oeuvre.