||National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
||Ink on paper
||Gaganendranath Tagore (1867-1938)
|Artist's Life Date / Bio Data
||Born to the family of Tagore's of Jorasanko, Kolkata, Gaganendranath was the elder brother of Abanindranath Tagore. With little formal training in art Gaganendranath began painting at an advanced age. He was inspired by the calligraphic brushwork and the wash technique of the visiting Japanese artists, Yokoyama Taikan and Hishida Shunsho. In the early 20's of the Twentieth century, Gaganendranath responded positively to the European modernist idiom. He began painting seriously when he started illustrating his uncle Rabindranath Tagore's autobiography in 1911. Gaganendranath like his younger brother Abanindranath and uncle Rabindranath had a wide range of interests that covered theatre, fantasy and the like. He also practiced photography and this can be seen in the use of light and shadows in his paintings. From 1917 onwards he did a series of satirical caricatures of changes taking place in the society of his times. Many of his paintings were referred to as 'cubist' because of the division of the figures and ground into geometrical planes. Gaganendranath painted portraits, landscapes, caricatures, abstract and 'cubist' paintings.
||Signed and dated 'G.T. 1921' in English at the bottom center of
||25.4 X 31 cms
||Between 1915 and 1921, Gaganendranath Tagore gave expression
to his irony and humour by drawing cartoons. At his Jorasanko
mansion, he set up a lithographic press where he printed
lithographs of his cartoon drawings. The 'Scream' series of
cartoons came towards the later phase of his cartoon drawing
and they were printed in the album Naba Hullad (1921). The
English version was called 'Reform Screams'.