Exact Match
Title Sketch
Museum Name National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
Gallery Name NGMA-New Delhi
Object Type Drawing
Main Material Pen and ink on paper
Main Artist Jamini Roy (1887 - 1972)
Artist's Nationality Indian
Artist's Life Date / Bio Data Jamini Roy was one of the earliest and most significant modernists of twentieth century Indian art. From 1920 onwards his search for the essence of form led him to experiment with dramatically different visual style. His career spanning over nearly six decades had many significant turning points and his works collectively speak of the nature of his modernism and the prominent role he played in breaking away from the art practices of his time. Trained in the British academic style of painting in the early decades of the twentieth century, Jamini Roy became well-known as a skilful portraitist. He received regular commissions after he graduated from the Government Art School in what is now Kolkata, in 1916. The first three decades of the twentieth century saw a sea-change in cultural expressions in Bengal. The growing surge of the nationalist movement was prompting all kinds of experiments in literature and the visual arts. The Bengal School, founded by Abanindranath Tagore and Kala Bhavana in Santiniketan under Nandalal Bose rejected European naturalism and the use of oil as a medium and were exploring new ways of representation. Jamini Roy, too, consciously rejected the style he had mastered during his academic training and from the early 1920s searched for forms that stirred the innermost recesses of his being. He sought inspiration from sources as diverse as East Asian calligraphy, terracotta temple friezes, objects from folk arts and crafts traditions and the like. What was increasingly apparent from 1920 onwards was that Roy brought a joy and
Country India
Dimensions 11 X 16.5 cms
Detailed Description It is interesting to see from the hundreds of sketches and drawings in the NGMA collection, how Roy broke down the figure to the essential form that goes into its making and then synthesised it to suggest a structure. Jamini Roy made meticulous sketches and drawings in great detail.
Brief Description The large number of sketches and drawings in the NGMA collection give evidence of the distinctive way in which Jamini Roy structured his figures. Each figure is created by assembling a set of body parts which are broken down into simple forms only to be reclaimed as a whole. In this particular sketch the space is divided into three horizontal parts. The topmost part shows three standing figures. The middle panel shows two birds and a standing figure in the middle, while the bottom panel shows two cows, one on each side of a flowering plant in the middle. The space division of this pastoral scene is inspired by the concept of space division in the vertical scroll paintings of Bengal and the narrative modes used in the temple friezes of the region.