||General Claude Martin & his Friends
||Colonel Polier with his Friends
||Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata
||Oil on Canvas
||Johann Zoffany (1733-1810)
||German neoclassical painter active mainly in England.
|Artist's Life Date / Bio Data
||Known primarily as a painter of portraits, conversation pieces and theatrical subjects, Zoffany was born in Frankfurt, Germany, the son of an architect and court cabinet maker. He enjoyed court patronage throughout his career. Upon completion of his apprenticeship, he made the first of two trips to Rome in 1750, studying with the portrait painter Masucci. Zoffany arrived in England around 1760 and worked for some time as a drapery painter in the studio of Benjamin Wilson (1721-88), a minor portraitist. His career in England was established when the actor-manager David Garrick became his first major English patron. Zoffany painted four conversation pieces of the Garrick household in 1762, as well as numerous theatrical pictures which brought him to the attention of the public and, more importantly, Queen Charlotte, who became his patron. Zoffany exhibited at the Society of Artists from 1762 to 1769. He was nominated by George III for membership in the Royal Academy in 1769, exhibiting there from 1770 to 1800. Between 1772 and 1778 he worked primarily in Florence, where he painted The Interior of the Tribuna at Florence (Royal Collection). He returned to London in 1779 but, after a falling out with the King and Queen over his Tribuna, went to India in 1783, remaining there until 1789. He died at his home at Strand-on-the-Green and is buried in Kew Churchyard near London.
||Through Sir Evan Cotton, 25-2-1930.
|Period / Year of Work
||The painting depicts Colonel Antoine Polier, Claude Martin, and
John Wombwell with the painter himself, Johann Zoffany, in the
background, being waited on by Indian servants, probably in
Lucknow around 1786-87.