||Category - nature study
Kālīghāṭ painting represents the style of watercolour
painting produced in the 19th century in India by artists in
the Calcutta marketplace for sale to pilgrims visiting the
Kālīghāṭ temple. The style is characterized by broad sweeping
brush lines, bold colours, and simplification of forms
suitable for their mass production.
The paintings, usually 17 by 11 inches (43 by 28
centimetres), were done on blank sheets, with no attempt made
to fill in the backgrounds. Most usually depicted were the
popular Hindu deities, but scenes of contemporary life are
also found. The school, which rose in response to the
competition of cheap coloured lithographs, soon lost the
contest and disappeared rapidly. The charm and vigour of
Kālīghāṭ painting had an influence on a number of modern
Indian painters, as can be seen in the work of Jamini Roy.