Bharat Mata [Mother India]
Title Bharat Mata [Mother India]
Accession Number RBS27ANT
Museum Name Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata
Gallery Name NA
Object Type Painting
Medium Watercolour
Manufacturing Technique Wash
Main Artist Abanindranath Tagore (1871-1951)
Artist's Nationality Indian
Artist's Life Date / Bio Data The founder of the Bengal School of Art, a pioneering figure in the visual aesthetics of Indian nationalism.
Provenance Rabindra Bharati Society, Jorasanko, Kolkata
Origin Place Jorasanko, Calcutta
School Bengal
Period / Year of Work 1905
Dimensions 10 1/2"x6"
Brief Description The Four essential needs in the hand of Bharat Mata. Abanindranath Tagore portrayed Bhārat Mātā as a four-armed Hindu goddess wearing saffron-coloured robes, holding the vedas, sheaves of rice, a mala, and a white cloth. The image of Bharat Mata was an icon painted to create nationalist feelings among Indians during the freedom struggle. Sister Nivedita, an admirer of the painting, opined that the picture was refined and imaginative, with Bharat Mata standing on green earth and blue sky behind her; feet with four lotuses, four arms meaning divine power; white halo and sincere eyes; and gifts Shiksha-Diksha-Anna-Bastra of motherland to her children.