||Bharat Mata [Mother India]
||Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata
||Abanindranath Tagore (1871-1951)
|Artist's Life Date / Bio Data
||The founder of the Bengal School of Art, a pioneering figure in the visual aesthetics of Indian nationalism.
||Rabindra Bharati Society, Jorasanko, Kolkata
|Period / Year of Work
||The Four essential needs in the hand of Bharat Mata.
Abanindranath Tagore portrayed Bhārat Mātā as a four-armed
Hindu goddess wearing saffron-coloured robes, holding the
vedas, sheaves of rice, a mala, and a white cloth. The
image of Bharat Mata was an icon painted to create
nationalist feelings among Indians during the freedom
struggle. Sister Nivedita, an admirer of the painting, opined
that the picture was refined and imaginative, with Bharat
Mata standing on green earth and blue sky behind her; feet
with four lotuses, four arms meaning divine power; white halo
and sincere eyes; and gifts Shiksha-Diksha-Anna-Bastra of
motherland to her children.