Omar Khayyam
Title Omar Khayyam
Accession Number acc-no-00353
Museum Name National Gallery of Modern Art, Bengaluru
Gallery Name Reserve Collection
Object Type Painting
Main Material Wash and Tempera on Paper
Main Artist M.A.R Chughtai
Artist's Nationality Pakistani
Artist's Life Date / Bio Data 1899 - 1975
Country Pakistan
Dimensions 37 cm x 51.5 cm
Brief Description Abdur Rahman Chughtai, was one of the prominent orientalists from outside Bengal, who created his own unique, distinctive painting style influenced by Mughal art, miniature painting, Art Nouveau and Islamic art traditions. He is considered 'the first significant modern Muslim artist from South Asia', and the national artist of Pakistan. Early on in his career Chughtai did a series of wash and tempera on paper, which exuded the visual language of the Bengal School. The characters in the painting, most often couples, were portrayed as if in a state of trance. They were drawn gracefully, with a lyrical quality to every line. The features of these characters bear a string resemblance to the mural paintings at Ajanta, which were a strong influence on Chughtai's artistic sensibilities. By the 1940s he had created his own style, strongly influenced by Islamic art traditions, but retaining a feel of Art Nouveau. His subject matter was drawn from legends, folklore and history of the Indo-Islamic world, as well as Punjab, Persia and the world of the Mughals.